- Yam (Rules)
- Niyam (Regulation)
- Asan (Posture)
- Pranayam (Control or extension of Prana–vital energy)
- Pratyahar (Withdrawal of senses)
1. YAMA (RULE)
The five yamas listed by Patanjali yog sutra. There were lots of yama but patanjal choose to give 5 among them and they are;
- Ahimsa (Non violence) : non-harming other living beings
- Satya (Truth) :To be truthful in thought, word and deed and to refrain from speaking untrue.
- Asteya ( Non-stealing) :To refrain from theft, corruption, black marketing, adulteration and other anti social activities. Neither to encourage those who indulge in them nor stimulate any one to act so.
- Brahamcharya (Celibacy) :To behave properly by fully controlling the five sense organs, five working organs and the mind so as to lead a balanced life, and to have proper control on sexual behaviours.
- Aparigraha(Non-hoarding) : Not to procure or accumulate the material, more than the required and strive for the well being of others
2. NIYAMA (REGULATION)
- Saucha (Cleanliness): purity, clearness of mind, speech and body
- Santosa ( Contentment): acceptance of others and of one’s circumstances as they are, optimism for self
- Tapas (Penance) : To face the difficulties with patience and to keep the body and mind peaceful. It increases the inner power to work harder.
- Svadhyaya (Self study) : study of self, self-reflection, introspection of self’s thoughts, speeches and actions
- Isvarapranidhana : To surrender oneself to the God and do the activities.
3. ASANA (POSTURES)
: “Sthiram Sukham Asanam”, commented Patanjali. It means to be in a state of a posture with ease and without any movement for a while. Generally one cannot be in a state of a posture without any movement for a long time.
(rhythmic control of breath)
Pratyahar is the state of mind, free from the influence of sense organs.
6. DHARANA (Concentration):
Dharana means concentrating the mind on a single aspect or an object or a subject.
7. DHYAN (Meditation)
8. SAMADHI (Super consciousness)